Kachin Defense Army

Kachin Defense Army

ကချင်ကာကွယ်ရေးတပ်ဖွဲ့
Participant in the Internal conflict in Myanmar

Active
1961 (1961)–January 2010 (2010-01)

Ideology
Kachin nationalism

Leaders
Mahtu Naw[1]

Headquarters
Kawnghka, Shan State

Area of operations
Shan State

Strength
1,500[1]

Originated as
Kachin Independence Army

Allies

Government of Myanmar

Tatmadaw

Opponents

Union of Myanmar (until 2011)
Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma (until 1988)
Union of Burma (until 1962)

Battles and wars

Internal conflict in Myanmar

Kachin conflict

The Kachin Defense Army (Burmese: ကချင်ကာကွယ်ရေးတပ်ဖွဲ့; abbreviated KDA) was an armed insurgent group that operated in northern Shan State, until its conversion into a border guard force in January 2010.[1]
History[edit]
The KDA was formerly the 4th brigade of the Kachin Independence Army (KIA), until it split from its parent organisation, the Kachin Independence Organisation (KIO), and moved their headquarters to Kawnghka, Kutkai Township, Shan State.[1] After the Mong Tai Army disbanded, the KDA gained some of their abandoned territory.[2]
In 2010, the KDA accepted a proposal by the State Peace and Development Council, the then governing body of Myanmar, to transform into a “border guard force”. The proposal was intended to bring security to local Kachin people under the KDA’s governing, but instead led to the disarmament of 1,500 KDA members. The KDA surrendered their heavy weapons and mortars to the Northeastern Regional Command, in accordance to the “conversion process”. The group was also split into two smaller factions, with 100 members in each group.[1]
See also[edit]

Kachin Independence Organisation
Kachin Independence Army
New Democratic Army – Kachin

References[edit]

^ a b c d e “Burmanet » Kachin News Group: KDA transformed to militia groups by Burma junta”. www.burmanet.org. Retrieved 22 January 2016. 
^ “Kachin Defense Army”. fas.org. 

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Insurgent groups in Myanmar

Active combatants

AA (Kachin)
AA (Kayin)
FMA
KIO/KIA
MNDAA
TNLA
ZRA

Ceasefire groups

ABSDF
ALA
CNA
DKBA-5
KNDO
KNU/KNLA
KNPP/KA
MNLA
MRDA
NDAA
PNLA
SSA-N
SSA-S
UWSA
WNA

Defunct insurgent groups

ARIF
ARNO/RNA
CPB
DKBA
God’s Army
KDA
KNPLF
MTA
MRA
Mujahideen
NSCN-K
NDA-K
PNA
RFCP
RLP
RPF
RSO
SSA
SSCP
SSNA
SURA
VBSW

Armed conflicts

2010–12 Myanmar border

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